Diabetes can damage your nerves and reduce blood supply to your feet, making you more likely to develop foot problems. According to the American Diabetes Association, it’s the reason 1 in 5 diabetics require hospital treatment. Keeping your blood sugar levels under control is one of the best things you can do for your feet.
Small wounds or sores don’t heal as quickly as larger cuts or sores, and they can take longer to heal.
You can lose or have no feeling in your feet if your blood sugar isn’t effectively regulated. You might not even be aware that you’ve sustained a slight injury. Diabetes can also cause your feet’s skin to dry up and crack. Infection is a major concern. In minor cuts or fissures, germs or fungi can enter.
When you have diabetes, you must take special care of your feet. Tell your doctor right away if you suspect you’ve contracted an infection. It can be prevented from spreading if treated early. As a result, you’re more likely to prevent bigger issues.
Amputation of a foot or leg may be required due to poor foot care. Every year, your doctor will examine it for any issues. If you take proper care of your feet, you can avoid the majority of diabetes-related complications.
Diabetic neuropathy affects more than half of diabetes patients. This causes nerve damage, making it more difficult for those who are affected to detect any disorders, illnesses, or infections that may already be present in their body, particularly in their feet.
As a result, the term Diabetic Foot was coined to describe foot disorders associated by diabetes. The pain, the incapacity, it all sounds awful. That’s why people with diabetes should be able to recognize the symptoms and know what to look for, as well as what to do to keep their feet healthy and avoid any other issues.
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Signs you should not ignore
Here are some of the warning indications that you may be suffering from a diabetic foot. If any of these symptoms appear to be present, speak with your doctors and health professionals so that they can advise you on how to proceed and prevent more serious problems from developing.
- You’ve lost your sense of pain, heat, and cold.
- The appearance of the skin changes. Skin that is easily damaged and dry
- Corns, calluses, or warts
- Poor blood flow or circulation
- Foot ulcers or sores or wounds on the feet. The ball of the foot or the bottom of the big toe are the most common locations.
- Toenail encrustation
Tips to keep it healthy
Whether you have diabetes or not, here are some tips on how to take care of your feet and keep them healthy.
Every day, examine your feet. Establish a routine for checking your feet on a daily basis for the cuts, sores, or areas of redness, blisters
Corns or calluses are rough patches of skin formed by repeated rubbing or pressure on the same area.
Make sure your feet are clean – Soak your feet in lukewarm, not hot, water and gently pat them dry. You should moisturize your feet, but not excessively or in between your toes.
Ingrown toenails should be checked – Ingrown nails should be removed by a professional nail technician or a foot doctor, commonly known as a podiatrist. If you go to a nail technician, bring your own equipment and tell them not to cut too close to the cuticles.
Make sure your feet are safe – This can be accomplished by wearing the appropriate socks and shoes. Socks designed specifically for diabetic feet are available. Never walk around barefoot. When it comes to exercising, choose activities that are easy on your feet, such as walking or swimming. You can talk to your doctor about which practices are right for you.
Maintain healthy blood circulation at all times – Make sure you sit with your feet up and move your toes for a few minutes at a time.
What Not to Do
- Corns and calluses should not be cut or removed using liquid removers.
- Cuticles should not be cut.
- Do not walk around barefoot.
- Shoes with high heels and pointy toes should be avoided.
- Avoid wearing shoes that expose your toes or heels.
- Smoking should be avoided. Smoking causes blood arteries to constrict.
Diabetes is associated with foot problems, which should not be overlooked. Any problems with your feet, no matter how trivial you think they are, should not be treated. Always report them to your doctors and other medical specialists. Always have your feet checked anytime you go to the doctor’s office. Despite the challenges, staying healthy and attempting to live a well-balanced lifestyle will improve your quality of life.